In the Philippines, State Universities and Colleges (SUC’s) are mandated by their charters to execute the following functions: instruction, research, extension and production which are considered interrelated and mutually reinforcing.
Research and Development (R&D) had been emphasized as a tool to achieve the goals for national development and global competitiveness. Tarlac State University is at the heart of Tarlac Province and of Region 3 and is at the vantage point of development work.
As a university, TSU is expected to be a lead agency for research and development. Each member of the faculty is expected to be research-oriented with research outputs that are relevant to the needs of the university, the community and the nation.
Formal efforts to push forward the frontiers of knowledge through faculty research came 17 years after the establishment of Tarlac College of Technology (predecessor of the present-day Tarlac State University) in 1965 when an office for research and development services was created.
The office was separate from the Extension Services Office, which was headed by Prof. Adoracion Nogoy. Years later the two offices merged and then separated anew.
The research office led for 16 years (1984-1990) by Prof. Tuazon, grew from one staff in 1984 (Mr. Ronald Fe), two in 1985 (Mr. Tiburcio Dumandan and Ms. Elizabeth Alarios) and three in 1987 (Mr. Dumandan, Ms. Alarios and Mr. Brigido Corpuz).
In 1991, Dr. Ismael Alonzo, assisted by Prof. Tuazon, Mr. Dumandan, Ms. Alarios and Mr. Corpuz, headed the unit. The TCT had just been converted into the Tarlac State University.
From 1992 until 1994, Dr. Alfredo Conte took over the helm of the merged research and extension units of the university.
In 1995, research and extension became distinct units once again. Designated as Director for Research was Dr.Victoria Gengania. Trailblazing the university’s entry into the information age, she was reappointed by Dr. Dolores G. Matias, the first woman University President.
During Dr. Gengania’s time, a staff of four faculty members Prof. Brigido Corpuz, also the Director of the Office for Grants and Endowments; Ms. Mirela Carlos, Mr. Edgar Macaraeg, former Network Administration of the University’s Information Office and a full time science and technology researcher Mr. Rodel Botio, a chemist and an inventor supports Director Gengania. Eventually Dr. Gengania was appointed as VP for Planning Research and Extension and Dr. Corpuz was appointed as Director for Research.
In 2005, Dr. Victoria Gengania applied for a sabbatical leave which was consequently approved. When her leave of absence took effect, Dr. Brigido Corpuz was appointed as OIC Vice President for Planning Research and Extension and concurrent research director.
With the appointment of Dr. Priscilla C. Viuya as the new University President in April 2006 upon the retirement of Dr. Dolores Matias, new appointments were made.
In June 07, 2006, Dr. Maria Elena David, a faculty member from the College of Arts and Social Sciences was appointed as the new Director of the University Research Office. Sometime during the same year Osel Gihan O. Alamo an administrative aide in a job order status was hired to take charge of the clerical works in the office. Following year, two researchers, Xyris Gerard A. Fernandez and Engr. Bertrand Aldous L. Santillan were hired in a job order status in order to augment the staffing of the office. By June 2008 however, Engr. Santillan transferred to full-time teaching status while Engr. Michael Tomas returned back to the research Office as Faculty Research staff.
It was in June 2008 that the Secretariat of the Central Luzon Industry and Energy Research and Development Consortium (CLIERDEC) and the CLIERDEC Foundation Inc. was transferred to TSU through majority vote of the regional members. Dr. Priscilla C. Viuya, TSU president was voted as the President of the CLIERDEC Foundation Inc., Dr. Conrado J. Oliveros as the Chair of the Consortium and consequently Dr. Maria Elena D. David, TSU Research Director was appointed as the Consortium Director. In the same month and year, the TSU Research Office RESEARCH MANUAL was approved by the TSU Board of Regents during its 70th Regular Meeting under BOR Resolution No. 38, series of 2008 which was held on June 05, 2008 at CHED Conference Room, DAP Bldg. Pasay City.
The Committee that reviewed the University Research Manual composed of the following members of the Board of Regents: Atty. Rhaegee Tamaña, representative of Senator Manuel Villar; Dir. Conrado J. Oliveros, DOST III Regional Director; Dir. Remigio
Mercado, NEDA III Regional Director; and local review committee headed by Dr. Glenard T. Madriaga, the then Vice President for Research, Extension and Development.
The manual was compiled and edited by Dr. Maria Elena David.
In 2010, Ms. Julie Liezel Ferrer also joined the research team handling publications and conducting social science researches. In 2012, Dr. Louella F. Ona was appointed as the Vice President for Research, Extension, Production and Development. In the same year, Rosario Seguira became the Clerk of the office. Ms. Seguira was replaced by Bryan Limon in 2013 while Erika Pauline Tomas became a part of the Research Office handling Microbiology and Biodiversity researches in January, 2014. Soon after, in April of the same year, Julie Ann Borja became the new clerk of the office.
The year 2011 was also remarkable for the Research Office as it was during this year when the office handled the organization and conduct of the International Education Conference in cooperation with the Office of the Professional and Development Consultancy Services.
The said international conference became a yearly event thereafter popularly attended by research presenters from various universities and college around the Philippines and also by foreigners coming from the United States, Canada, China, Malaysia and the Middle East.
The monetary incentives for research presentations were also approved by the Board of regents in the same year effectively increasing the number of paper presentations and publications by faculty researchers here and abroad.
2014 was a remarkable year in the history of the URO because it was when the new University President Dr. Myrna Q. Mallari took oath and under her term, changes were implemented in the research office. In the same year, URO established the Social Science and Education (SSED) group and the Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) effectively assigning the colleges to their respective groups.
On April 1, 2016, Dr. Leo P. Piao was appointed as the new University Research Office Director. He manages the office by adopting and modifying some protocols on the operation. Along the process, he is being supported by the newly appointed Vice President for Research and Extension Services, Dr. Glenard T. Madriaga.
During Dr. Piao’s term of office, the following centers were realigned under the University Research Office in addition to its inherent function catering research services and these are: Center for Tarlaqueño Studies, Pamantasang Sentro ng Wikang Filipino and Analytical Services Laboratory and Natural Products Research Center. These centers were headed by Dr. Lino L. Dizon, Dr. Daisy T. Inalvez and Prof. Erwin C. Mina, respectively. Research Services Unit is headed by Ms. Julie Liezel C. Ferrer.
During the year 2016, following Republic Act No. 10532 or also known as Philippine National Health Research System Act of 2013”, the URO initiated the creation of an institutional research ethics review committee for Tarlac State University to act independently from URO in terms of reviewing research protocols involving human participants. On the other hand, in order to avoid plagiarism in writing research paper, the university through URO subscribed to Turnitin Software and issued university guidelines related to its use.
2016 it is also a remarkable year in the history of the URO since preparations for ISO Certification started that then leads eventually for Tarlac State University to subscribe to Integrated Management System Certification covering three standards namely: ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001.